Thursday, July 29, 2010

TRUE MEANING OF NATIONAL ANTHEM

Whether it is morning assembly in a school...any organised government function..start of any sporting event..national anthem is played everytime...with hand on heart..chest prodding out...heart filled with passion... we sync the words without any knowlede about what exactly are we singing...what do the words mean??? to whom we are addressing?? who are we gloryfying??
The national anthem "JANA GANA MANA" was composed by legendary Nobel laureate Rabindranath tagore in Sanskrit and it goes like this

Jana gana mana adhinayaka jaya he Bharata bhagya vidhata
Panjaba Sindha Gujarata Maratha Dravida Utkala Vanga
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga Ucchala jaladhi taranga
Tava subha name jage Tava subha aashisa maange
Gahe tava jaya gatha Jana gana mangala dinyaka jaya he
Bharata bhagya vidhata

Jaya he jaya he jaya he
Jaya jaya jaya jaya he!

So the meaning looks apparent..or should be apparent...must be addressed to the motherland India , talking about the unity in diversity that we often boast about..but is it so?? Have you ever asked youself that question. Don't you think that we should know what we are doing? Yes we should , but unfortunately we dont. That is saddest part. We accept anything that is being handed over to us from generations without even questioning the authenticity of it. Same happens with religion, beliefs , practices and all. There has to a rational behind anything. Wearing branded clothes , flaunting costly jewellery , watching english movie, singing english songs wont make us rational. Rational thinking surely would.
Not getting into all this, lets go into history of the National Anthem, when it was composed and why it was composed?
King Henry V along with Queen of England visited India from 2nd December 1911 to 10 January 1912.The great Coronation Durbar was held on 12th December 1911 at Delhi. To honour their visit Pandit Moti Lal Nehru , father of Jawahar Lal Nehru, asked Rabindranath Tagore to compose a song in praise of the Imperial Majesties the King and the Queen. Only those regions were included in the song that were under British rule directly. None of the princely states were included because they were not considered to be integral part of India like Kashmir , Rajasthan etc.
The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka refers to King George V as the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is “the bestower of good fortune”.
The translation of the whole composition is
(Indian) People wake up remembering your good name and ask for your blessings and they sing your glories. (Tava shubha name jaage; tava shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha).Around your throne people of all religions come and give their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travelers beyond misery.Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty-stricken, unconscious country? Waiting for the wink of your eye and your mother’s (the Queen’s) true protection.In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O’ Queen, and glory to the King..

And unfortnately all of the India has been singing this by heart for more than half a century now as their National Anthem.

Now the Question arises why was the song sung exclusively for the rulers of India and not for the motherland or for that matter even God made the National Anthem??

Justification that comes out and as usual like all justifications its absurd ......is that Nehru chose JANA GANA MANA over VANDE MATARAM purely because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!!!!!!! rubbish

I have been very fortunate not to sing this in morning assembly because in kashmir singing Jana Gana Mana is banned by people who all refer ANTI-INDIANS ..yes the so called "MILITANTS..TERRORISTS"...at least the morning prayers in our schools are in praise of the LORD......

something to think upon...period



References: Google, Rediff.

views are completely personal